LOOSE ENDS that suggests itself to this propaganda is "Oh yeah ?* For it is an unfortunate fact, more marked in modern India than in any other part of the world, chat once you have taken a young man away from Ms village you will need a good deal more than wild horses bo get him back again. He would rather starve, and frequently does* These scattered notes are, of course, entirely negative, and are only intended as a corrective to ihe airy nonsense which is so often -calked at home, particularly by young schoolmasters them- selves, who appears to labour under the delusion that it is a penny faus-ride from Srinagar to Trichinopoly. On the positive side volumes might be written; I will content myself by expressing a purely personal opinion... .namely, that the problem will have to be tackled by revolutionary methods, in which the radio and the cinema will be predominant and will, indeed, largely replace the school-teachers themselves. Needless to say, such schemes would be only temporary. No machines could ever usurp the role that must eventually be played by human teachers, but machines could at least serve the initial purpose of ^breaking up the thick crusts of ignorance which have accumulated, through the centuries, over the minds of the Indian masses. LANGUAGE Nothing more violently annoys the Congressman, with his 'One India' complex, than thg reiteration of the simple fact that there happen to be 225 languages in India. It is, admittedly, a mislead- ing fact, as we shall see, but it drives him to invent replies that are even more misleading, such as the fantastic statement, quoted above, that *a speaker in Hindustani can go anywhere in India and make himself understood.* He might 'make himself under- stood5 with his feet, or his hands, or the contents of his pockets, but most certainly not with his tongue (unless, of course, he put it out). There are 225 languages in India, but a large number of them are local and unimportant, such as the tribal dialects of the Tibeto-Chinese speech-family, which are found only on India's morth-eastern fringes. For all practical purposes the main Indian languages number fifteen. Try a& you may, the Congressman cannot reduce the figure lower than that.